Advancements in Agricultural Development <p><strong><em>Advancements in Agricultural Development</em></strong> provides a global outlet for the timely publication of refereed social science research to influence agricultural development practices worldwide by rapidly disseminating theoretically and conceptually sound research focused on practical outcomes. The journal presents knowledge focused on education, extension, human capacity building, diffusion of innovations, leadership, and communication in the context of food, agriculture, and natural resources.</p> en-US (Grady Roberts) (Grady Roberts) Thu, 28 Jul 2022 08:10:43 -0700 OJS 60 Hemp on the horizon: Understanding the influences on industrial hemp purchases <p>The industrial hemp market is expected to grow in upcoming years due to increased use in food, paper, and personal care products, opening new opportunities for farmers across the United States. An increase in hemp products provides an opportunity to better understand consumer preferences and to educate consumers on hemp. The purpose of this research was to understand what influences consumers’ purchases of hemp products. This study was guided by the spiral of silence theory, which proposed that people will conform their attitudes and behaviors to match the perceived majority’s opinion. Students in college-level introductory science courses were surveyed and their attitude toward industrial hemp, perceptions of others’ attitude toward industrial hemp, and knowledge on hemp were measured. Data were analyzed using means, frequencies, and logistic regression. Most respondents reported not having purchased a hemp product in the past six months. The only predictors of hemp purchases were gender and attitude. When accounting for spiral of silence variables and personal characteristics, females were more likely than males to purchase hemp products. Extension educators should partner with hemp growers and processors to discuss how people are commonly using hemp products and to communicate to producers how consumers are using the products.</p> Taylor K. Ruth, Blake C. Colclasure, Nathan Conner, Andrea Holmes, Tessa Durham Brooks Copyright (c) 2022 Taylor K. Ruth, Blake C. Colclasure, Nathan Conner, Andrea Holmes, Tessa Durham Brooks Thu, 28 Jul 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Student teachers’ perceptions of motivation, independence, and supervision preferences: An exploratory study <p>The student teaching experience is one of the most impactful capstone experiences for the preparation of preservice teachers. The supervisor, either a cooperating teacher or university supervisor, plays a critically important role in the student teaching experience. The purpose of this study was to explore preservice teachers' perceived motivation and independence throughout their student teaching experience. It is recommended that early in the student teaching experience, a directive supervision style should be utilized. Then, as motivation starts to decline in the middle of the student teaching experience, the focus of supervision should shift to providing moral support and encouraging commitment to the profession of teaching. Recommendations for future research include replication of this study with future cohorts of student teachers across multiple institutions so data trends can be analyzed longitudinally. Additionally, it is recommended that future iterations of this study should administer a post-then version of the quantitative plotting instrument to control response shift bias.</p> Natalie Ferand, Bradley Coleman, J. C. Bunch Copyright (c) 2022 Natalie Ferand, Bradley Coleman, J. C. Bunch Mon, 01 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Conceptualizing high-impact practices within the frame of agricultural leadership education: A content analysis <div> <p class="AAD"><span lang="EN">The use of high-impact practices in undergraduate leadership courses is a common and effective way of developing students studying agriculture. However, each of the ten high-impact practices (HIPs) recognized by the Association of American Colleges and Universities (Kuh, 2008) are not equally studied or utilized by leadership educators. This study will provide a content analysis of the use of HIPs as a leadership pedagogy in undergraduate education. In the studies analyzed, which were grouped by categories of HIPs, only five of the ten main HIPs were represented. These were undergraduate research, diversity and global learning, internships, service learning, and capstone courses and projects. The analysis revealed each HIP resulted in one or more of Kuh’s (2008) proposed learning outcomes. Based on these findings, the researchers suggest HIPs be used more frequently in agricultural leadership curriculum and call on scholars to study the ten HIPs more closely. </span></p> </div> David P Coyle, Jennifer Strong Copyright (c) 2022 David P Coyle, Jennifer Strong Fri, 16 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Producers’ adoption behaviors for precision agriculture (PA) technologies to improve nitrogen use efficiency: Diffusion of Innovations theory as an explanatory lens <p style="font-weight: 400;">Advancements in precision agriculture technologies enable producers to achieve higher yields; however, in some cases, these innovations have not reached widespread adoption despite years of availability. We sought to understand producers’ adoption experiences with two precision agriculture technologies: Nitrogen (N)-Rich Strips and the Sensor Based Nitrogen Rate Calculator (SBNRC). These technologies can help producers optimize their application of nitrogen fertilizer on growing crops, especially small grains such as wheat. Using Rogers’ (2003) diffusion of innovations theory as an explanatory framework, this descriptive-exploratory study examined the adoption behaviors of producers from two midwestern states. Rogers’ (2003) theoretical lens guided instrument development and interpretation of results. To better understand the effects of change agents’ actions and potential adopters’ behaviors during the innovation-decision process, more research is needed regarding disenchantment discontinuance and replacement discontinuance, the potential for pro-innovation bias, and of the innovation attribute compatibility. The future development of precision agriculture technology with the perceptions of potential adopters in mind, especially those averse to adoption and continuance, may assist in overcoming barriers to widespread diffusion.</p> Lauren Looney, Paul Montgomery, M. Craig Edwards, Brian Arnall, Bill Raun Copyright (c) 2022 Lauren Looney, Paul Montgomery, M. Craig Edwards, Brian Arnall, Bill Raun Fri, 16 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Florida extension agents’ perceived level of trust with their county extension director <p style="font-weight: 400;">County Extension Directors (CEDs) act as the administrative leader of the county Extension office and implement their own educational program. County Extension agents act as the leader of their program area and corresponding community audience. Because of the autonomous nature of the agents’ work, it is imperative that Extension agents trust their CEDs. The Trust in Leaders Scale (TLS) was created to measure person-based trust between leaders and followers through four constructs: competence, integrity, benevolence, and predictability. A census study was conducted by distributing the TLS to the UF/IFAS Extension agents that report to a CED. Results indicated perceived moderate levels of trust between agents and CEDs, and demographic variables did not impact whether agents trusted their CED. UF/IFAS Extension should seek to understand the impact of moderate trust between county Extension agents and their CED, as research show low trust typically leads to lower job satisfaction and higher employee turnover.</p> Matt Benge, Elisha Cash Copyright (c) 2022 Matt Benge, Elisha Cash Tue, 27 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700 Transactional factors influencing the implementation of intercollegiate Extension programs at U.S. land-grant universities <p style="font-weight: 400;">University engagement within communities is becoming more important, and public land-grant universities (LGUs) are uniquely situated to create knowledge that benefits society. Intercollegiate Extension programs could be a novel approach to improving university engagement by using the Extension mission as a catalyst for socially relevant programs. However, a gap remains in the literature regarding specific guidelines to overcome barriers toward intercollegiate Extension programs. The purpose of this study was to explore how transactional factors influenced the implementation of intercollegiate Extension programs at LGUs. A qualitative descriptive phenomenological research design was used. The Organizational Change model guided the interview protocol creation. All eight participants were employed by LGUs. Template analysis was applied to the data combined with the constant comparative method. Four themes and six sub-themes emerged from the interviews. The transactional themes were: (a) promotion and tenure, (b) utilizing LGUs’ organizational structures to support intercollegiate Extension programs, (c) task and individual skills required for successful intercollegiate programs, and (d) professional recognition. Utilizing LGUs’ organizational structures to support intercollegiate Extension programs was most relevant to the success of intercollegiate programs. Intercollegiate Extension programs should use existing assets like the county-based infrastructure to assist in disseminating university knowledge relevant for addressing public needs.</p> Olivia Caillouet, Amy Harder, T. Grady Roberts, J. C. Bunch, Heidi Radunovich Copyright (c) 2022 Olivia Caillouet, Amy Harder, T. Grady Roberts, J. C. Bunch, Heidi Radunovich Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 -0700