Contextualizing organizational frames: Teaching leadership to faculty in agricultural and natural resources




undergraduate education, natural disasters, case study


Possessing leadership skills has been determined to be an essential requirement within the workplace. A multi-level leadership program was designed to help provide undergraduates with more exposure to leadership principles. The program team was created through the collaboration of multiple universities found within the southeastern United States. Through a 14-week online training program followed by a field experience, participants were exposed to Bolman and Deal’s organizational frames. Participants then created cased studies grounded in this leadership framework and based on the data that was collected during their field experiences. This study quantitatively analyzed the consistency with which each of the frames were used. From the 16 published case studies on the multi-institutional project’s website, assessment questions were analyzed based on which frame/frames were being referenced. Findings from this study identified a similar use of each of the frames throughout all the case studies. Further research should be conducted to better understand each participant’s comprehension of the organizational frames prior to the development of their case studies.


Download data is not yet available.


Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2017). Reframing organizations: Artistry, choice, and leadership (6th ed). John Wiley & Sons.

Bensimon, E. M. (1989). The meaning of "good presidential leadership": A frame analysis. The Review of Higher Education, 12(2), 107–123.

Crawford, P., Lang, S., Fink, W., Dalton, R., & Fielitz, L. (2011). Comparative analysis of soft skills: Perceptions of employers, alum, faculty and students. Michigan State University.

Durocher, E. A. (1995). Leadership orientations of school administrators: A survey of nationally recognized school leaders (Publication No. 9620148) [Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Gallos, J. V. (1993). Teaching about reframing with films and videos. Journal of Management Education, 17(1), 127–132.

Kellerman, B. (2014). Hard times: Leadership in America. Stanford University Press.

Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality. HarperCollins.

National Association of Colleges and Employers. (2018). Job outlook 2018. National Association of Colleges and Employers.

Parrella, J. A., Esquivel, C., Leggette, H. R., & Murphrey, T. P. (2023). Preparing agricultural leaders: An assessment of agricultural students’ perceived importance and development of employability skills. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 1-23.

Probst, M. B. (2011). An analysis of leadership frame preference of academic administration: Using the Bolman and Deal four frame model (Publication No. 3450562) [Doctoral dissertation, Capella University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Roddy, T. P. (2010). Frame analysis of the self-perceived leadership orientations of headmasters of the independent schools association of the southwest, southern association of independent schools, and the association of independent schools of greater Washington member schools (Publication No. 3430581) [Doctoral dissertation, University of New Orleans]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Sowcik, M., & Stein, M. (2020). Navigating the unprecedented: Leading remotely unexpectedly. EDIS, 2020, AEC691/WC354.

Stokes, T. (2022). Understanding How University Organizational Structure Impacts Leadership Development for College Students (Publication No. 28969732) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Florida]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Velez, J., Moore, L., Bruce, J., & Stephens, C. (2014). Agricultural leadership education: Past history, present reality, and future directions. Journal of Leadership Studies, 7(4), 65–70.




How to Cite

Lunzmann, C., Stedman, N. L. P., Asanzi, A., Brown, A. C., Ajayi, D., & Chaparro, R. A. (2023). Contextualizing organizational frames: Teaching leadership to faculty in agricultural and natural resources. Advancements in Agricultural Development, 4(3), 79–89.




Funding data